Types of archaeological dating
After archaeologists have thoroughly surveyed the site they begin excavation. Then archaeologists excavate the site using trowels, shovels, and various other tools.They start by setting up a grid and connecting the grid to a datum. They carefully remove dirt and note the precise location of any artifacts found.The following is a basic introduction to pottery in archaeology, focusing particularly on the ceramics of the medieval period.The bibliography at the end provides references to more detailed and comprehensive sources.
This is because pottery is: Small fragments of pottery, known as sherds or potsherds, are collected on most archaeological sites.
Occasionally whole vessels are found, particularly where they have been used as grave goods or cremation 'urns'.
These are important in providing us with a type series of vessel forms, although broken vessels can be just as useful for this. The clay from which it is made often contains pieces of burnt flint or other stone and the pottery appears very coarse.
A feature is evidence of a human activity that is not movable, and usually has a vertical component.
An aspect of a site that is only horizontal, such as a road, is not a feature.